Wannamethee, G and Shaper, AG (1994) Haematocrit: relationships with blood lipids, blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors. Thromb Haemost , 72 (1) 58 - 64.
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The relationship between haematocrit and cardiovascular risk factors, particularly blood pressure and blood lipids, has been examined in detail in a large prospective study of 7735 middle-aged men drawn from general practices in 24 British towns. The analyses are restricted to the 5494 men free of any evidence of ischaemic heart disease at screening. Smoking, body mass index, physical activity, alcohol intake and lung function (FEV1) were factors strongly associated with haematocrit levels independent of each other. Age showed a significant but small independent association with haematocrit. Non-manual workers had slightly higher haematocrit levels than manual workers; this difference increased considerably and became significant after adjustment for the other risk factors. Diabetics showed significantly lower levels of haematocrit than non-diabetics. In the univariate analysis, haematocrit was significantly associated with total serum protein (r = 0.18), cholesterol (r = 0.16), triglyceride (r = 0.15), diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.17) and heart rate (r = 0.14); all at p < 0.0001. A weaker but significant association was seen with systolic blood pressure (r = 0.09, p < 0.001). These relationships remained significant even after adjustment for age, smoking, body mass index, physical activity, alcohol intake, lung function, presence of diabetes, social class and for each of the other biological variables; the relationship with systolic blood pressure was considerably weakened. No association was seen with blood glucose and HDL-cholesterol. This study has shown significant associations between several lifestyle characteristics and the haematocrit and supports the findings of a significant relationship between the haematocrit and blood lipids and blood pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
|Title:||Haematocrit: relationships with blood lipids, blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors.|
|Keywords:||Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Blood Pressure, Blood Proteins, Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena, Confounding Factors (Epidemiology), Exercise, Heart Rate, Hematocrit, Humans, Lipids, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Smoking, Statistics as Topic|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Primary Care and Population Health|
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