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Social brain development and the affective consequences of ostracism in adolescence

Sebastian, C; Viding, E; Williams, KD; Blakemore, SJ; (2010) Social brain development and the affective consequences of ostracism in adolescence. BRAIN COGNITION , 72 (1) 134 - 145. 10.1016/j.bandc.2009.06.008.

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Abstract

Recent structural and functional imaging studies have provided evidence for continued development of brain regions involved in social cognition during adolescence. In this paper, we review this rapidly expanding area of neuroscience and describe models of neurocognitive development that have emerged recently. One implication of these models is that neural development underlies commonly observed adolescent phenomena such as susceptibility to peer influence and sensitivity to peer rejection. Experimental behavioural evidence of rejection sensitivity in adolescence is currently sparse. Here, we describe a study that directly compared the affective consequences of an experimental ostracism manipulation (Cyber-ball) in female adolescents and adults. The ostracism condition led to significantly greater affective consequences in the adolescents compared with adults. This suggests that the ability to regulate distress resulting from ostracism continues to develop between adolescence and adulthood. The results are discussed in the context of models of neurocognitive development. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Social brain development and the affective consequences of ostracism in adolescence
DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2009.06.008
Keywords: Adolescence, Ostracism, Social exclusion, Self, Social cognition, Social brain emotion regulation, Puberty, fMRI, Prefrontal cortex, EMOTIONAL FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, PEER INFLUENCE, NEUROSCIENCE PERSPECTIVE, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, AMYGDALA RESPONSE, NEURAL CIRCUITRY, GONADAL-STEROIDS, LATE CHILDHOOD, RISK-TAKING
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/164615
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