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No Neglect-Specific Deficits in Reaching Tasks

Rossit, S; Malhotra, P; Muir, K; Reeves, I; Duncan, G; Livingstone, K; ... Harvey, M; + view all (2009) No Neglect-Specific Deficits in Reaching Tasks. CEREB CORTEX , 19 (11) 2616 - 2624. 10.1093/cercor/bhp016.

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Abstract

It is well established that patients with hemispatial neglect present with severe visuospatial impairments, but studies that have directly investigated visuomotor control have revealed diverging results, with some studies showing that neglect patients perform relatively better on such tasks. The present study compared the visuomotor performance of patients with and without neglect after right-hemisphere stroke with those of age-matched controls. Participants were asked to point either directly towards targets or halfway between two stimuli, both with and without visual feedback during movement. Although we did not find any neglect-specific impairment, both patient groups showed increased reaction times to leftward stimuli as well as decreased accuracies for open loop leftward reaches. We argue that these findings agree with the view that neglect patients code spatial parameters for action veridically. Moreover, we suggest that lesions in the right hemisphere may cause motor deficits irrespective of the presence of neglect and we performed an initial voxel-lesion symptom analysis to assess this. Lesion-symptom analysis revealed that the reported deficits did not result from damage to neglect-associated areas alone, but were further associated with lesions to crucial nodes in the visuomotor control network (the basal ganglia as well as occipito-parietal and frontal areas).

Type:Article
Title:No Neglect-Specific Deficits in Reaching Tasks
DOI:10.1093/cercor/bhp016
Keywords:brain lesions, motor control, neuropsychology, parietal cortex, temporal cortex, SPATIAL WORKING-MEMORY, DIRECTED ARM MOVEMENTS, VISUAL NEGLECT, UNILATERAL NEGLECT, HEMISPATIAL NEGLECT, DIRECTIONAL HYPOKINESIA, PARIETAL CORTEX, VISUOSPATIAL NEGLECT, HAND VELOCITY, SPACE
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences

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