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Psychological Models In Predicting Uptake of Prenatal Screening

Marteau, TM; Johnston, M; Kidd, J; Michie, S; Cook, R; (1992) Psychological Models In Predicting Uptake of Prenatal Screening. Psychology & Health , 6 (1-2) pp. 13-22. 10.1080/08870449208402017.

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Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to determine which psychological models are most useful in predicting uptake of a prenatal screening test, maternal-serum alphafetoprotein screening for spina bifida and Down's syndrome. 1000 women eligible for the test completed standardised self-report questionnaires at two routine clinic visits to an antenatal clinic prior to the time when the test could take place. 902 underwent the screening test; 51 declined the test; and 47 did not undergo the test, giving no reason for this to staff. Knowledge of the test, the subjective expected utility attached to the test, and attitudes to doctors and medicine were all significant predictors of uptake behaviour. Results of a discriminant function analysis demonstrated distinct psychological processes underlying each of these three uptake behaviours, explaining 21% of the variance in uptake of screening. If uptake of screening is examined not as a dichotomous variable but as a group of behaviours, predictive models are identified accordingly. This would lead to models of health-related behaviours as a heterogeneous rather than homogeneous phenomena, predicted and influenced by different causes. © 1992, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Psychological Models In Predicting Uptake of Prenatal Screening
DOI: 10.1080/08870449208402017
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/15997
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