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THE PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF FALSE-POSITIVE RESULTS IN PRENATAL SCREENING FOR FETAL-ABNORMALITY - A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY

MARTEAU, TM; COOK, R; KIDD, J; MICHIE, S; JOHNSTON, M; SLACK, J; SHAW, RW; (1992) THE PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF FALSE-POSITIVE RESULTS IN PRENATAL SCREENING FOR FETAL-ABNORMALITY - A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY. PRENATAL DIAG , 12 (3) 205 - 214.

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Abstract

The purpose of the study was to describe the impact of false-positive results from initial maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MS-AFP) screening. The analyses compared two groups of women, those receiving a negative result (n = 346) and those receiving an initial positive result (n = 26), over four time points-prior to testing, immediately after testing, later in pregnancy, and in the post-partum period. Receiving an abnormal result was associated with high levels of anxiety which were reflected in increased worry about the baby's health and a more negative attitude towards the pregnancy and the babe. Women who had an initial abnormal result were offered a variety of further tests. Those women who went on to have amniocentesis were less worried about their baby's health in the third trimester and also less anxious post-partum than those who did not have amniocentesis. In view of the increasing number of screening tests available, it is necessary to establish whether and how these levels of distress can best bc reduced.

Type: Article
Title: THE PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF FALSE-POSITIVE RESULTS IN PRENATAL SCREENING FOR FETAL-ABNORMALITY - A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY
Keywords: SERUM ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN, ANXIETY, IMPACT
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/15994
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