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Exact analysis for requirements selection and optimisation

Li, L; (2017) Exact analysis for requirements selection and optimisation. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Requirements engineering is the prerequisite of software engineering, and plays a crit- ically strategic role in the success of software development. Insufficient management of uncertainty in the requirements engineering process has been recognised as a key reason for software project failure. The essence of uncertainty may arise from partially observable, stochastic environments, or ignorance. To ease the impact of uncertainty in the software development process, it is important to provide techniques that explicitly manage uncertainty in requirements selection and optimisation. This thesis presents a decision support framework to exactly address the uncertainty in requirements selection and optimisation. Three types of uncertainty are managed. They are requirements uncertainty, algorithmic uncertainty, and uncertainty of resource constraints. Firstly, a probabilistic robust optimisation model is introduced to enable the manageability of requirements uncertainty. Requirements uncertainty is probabilis- tically simulated by Monte-Carlo Simulation and then formulated as one of the opti- misation objectives. Secondly, a probabilistic uncertainty analysis and a quantitative analysis sub-framework METRO is designed to cater for requirements selection deci- sion support under uncertainty. An exact Non-dominated Sorting Conflict Graph based Dynamic Programming algorithm lies at the heart of METRO to guarantee the elim- ination of algorithmic uncertainty and the discovery of guaranteed optimal solutions. Consequently, any information loss due to algorithmic uncertainty can be completely avoided. Moreover, a data analytic approach is integrated in METRO to help the deci- sion maker to understand the remaining requirements uncertainty propagation through- out the requirements selection process, and to interpret the analysis results. Finally, a more generic exact multi-objective integrated release and schedule planning approach iRASPA is introduced to holistically manage the uncertainty of resource constraints for requirements selection and optimisation. Software release and schedule plans are inte- grated into a single activity and solved simultaneously. Accordingly, a more advanced globally optimal result can be produced by accommodating and managing the inherent additional uncertainty due to resource constraints as well as that due to requirements. To settle the algorithmic uncertainty problem and guarantee the exactness of results, an ε-constraint Quadratic Programming approach is used in iRASPA.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Exact analysis for requirements selection and optimisation
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1575500
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