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Neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke – a review

O'Keeffe, F; Murphy, O; Ganesan, V; King, J; Murphy, T; (2017) Neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke – a review. Brain Injury , 31 (12) pp. 1575-1589. 10.1080/02699052.2017.1332782. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Childhood stroke is a rare but devastating occurrence. Its infrequency has meant that a clear body of knowledge has not been fully established regarding its impact on neuropsychological outcome. Our aims were (i) to critically review the recent literature on neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke; (ii) to investigate the factors related to neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted and revealed 39 relevant papers from the period 1999-2015. RESULTS: The review found that a significant number of children experience difficulties in a wide range of neuropsychological domains, with particular vulnerabilities noted in attention, speed of information processing and executive functioning. There were inconsistent findings regarding the correlates of neuropsychological outcome, which is likely due to methodological limitations of the studies. CONCLUSIONS: This review strongly indicates that childhood stroke can affect a myriad of neuropsychological domains, with attention, speed of processing and executive function particularly vulnerable. Methodological issues, particularly around heterogeneous samples and measurement difficulties, limit the conclusions that can be drawn regarding the predictors of outcome.

Type: Article
Title: Neuropsychological outcome following childhood stroke – a review
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2017.1332782
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2017.1332782
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Childhood stroke, neuropsychological outcome, review
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1573948
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