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The Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Non-Suicidal Self-injury: A Systematic Review

Serafini, G; Canepa, G; Adavastro, G; Nebbia, J; Murri, MB; Erbuto, D; Pocai, B; ... Amore, M; + view all (2017) The Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Non-Suicidal Self-injury: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry , 8 , Article 149. 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00149. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been associated with an increased risk of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. However, the exact nature of the association between CM and NSSI is currently unclear. The present review aimed to systematically investigate the association between CM and NSSI in adolescence and early adulthood. METHODS: A systematic search of four major electronic databases covering both medical and social science research (PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, and PsycINFO) was conducted. RESULTS: Overall, 20 cross-sectional studies including a total of 22,517 individuals, 3 longitudinal follow-up studies including 1,728 individuals, and 3 retrospective studies including 62,089 individuals were selected. It appears that CM is a significant risk factor for both NSSI and suicide attempts. The increased vulnerability to NSSI seems to be related to experiences of CM, particularly sexual abuse. Gender differences were also found. Generally, when compared to males, females who experienced CM seem to be more vulnerable to presenting with NSSI and suicidal behaviors. CONCLUSION: There is a positive association between CM and NSSI. The importance of early detection and risk reduction of self-injurious behavior for adolescents is discussed.

Type: Article
Title: The Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Non-Suicidal Self-injury: A Systematic Review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00149
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00149
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2017 Serafini, Canepa, Adavastro, Nebbia, Belvederi Murri, Erbuto, Pocai, Fiorillo, Pompili, Flouri and Amore. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Keywords: childhood maltreatment, physical/sexual abuse, emotional neglect, non-suicidal self-injury, suicidal behaviors
UCL classification: UCL > School of Education
UCL > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology & Human Development
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1573459
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