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Delivery of large transgene cassettes by foamy virus vector

Sweeney, NP; Meng, J; Patterson, H; Morgan, JE; McClure, M; (2017) Delivery of large transgene cassettes by foamy virus vector. Scientific Reports , 7 (1) , Article 8085. 10.1038/s41598-017-08312-3. Green open access

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Abstract

Viral vectors are effective tools in gene therapy, but their limited packaging capacity can be restrictive. Larger clinically-relevant vectors are needed. Foamy viruses have the largest genomes among mammalian retroviruses and their vectors have shown potential for gene therapy in preclinical studies. However, the effect of vector genome size on titre has not been determined. We inserted increasing lengths of the dystrophin open reading frame in a foamy virus vector and quantified packaged vector RNA and integrated DNA. For both measures, a semi-logarithmic reduction in titre was observed as genome size increased. Concentrated titres were reduced 100-fold to approximately 10(6) transducing units per ml when vector genomes harboured a 12 kb insert, approximately twice that reported for lentivirus vectors in a comparable study. This potential was applied by optimising foamy virus vectors carrying the full-length dystrophin open-reading frame for transduction of human muscle derived cells. Full-length dystrophin protein was expressed and transduced cells remained able to form myotubes in vitro. Foamy virus vectors are well-suited for stable delivery of large transgene cassettes and warrant further investigation for development as a therapy for Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy.

Type: Article
Title: Delivery of large transgene cassettes by foamy virus vector
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-08312-3
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08312-3
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Gene therapy, Genetic vectors
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1571138
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