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The sexual lives of people with disabilities within low-and middle-income countries: a scoping study of studies published in English

Carew, MT; Braathen, SH; Swartz, L; Hunt, X; Rohleder, P; (2017) The sexual lives of people with disabilities within low-and middle-income countries: a scoping study of studies published in English. Global Health Action , 10 (1) , Article 1337342. 10.1080/16549716.2017.1337342. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Although approximately 80% of the global population of people with disabilities reside in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), very little is known about their sexual lives due to a lack of empirical data. We aimed to provide a scoping review of English-language research conducted on disability and sexuality in LMICs. Objective: Our research questions concerned what topics in disability and sexuality have (and have not) been investigated, where this research has been carried out, and how this research has been conducted. Methods: A scoping review was conducted to examine the published English-language research literature on disability and sexuality within LMICs. We searched three electronic databases (PsycINFO, Web of Science, and PsycARTICLES) for research meeting these criteria published between 2000 and 2016 (inclusive). Through this search, we identified 103 articles. Results: It is concluded that: (a) disability and sexuality research in African countries has focused predominantly on sexual abuse and violence or HIV, (b) the sexuality of people with disabilities within many LMICs has received little or no empirical investigation, and (c) there have been very few experimental studies on disability and sexuality conducted in LMICs in general. Conclusions: Much remains unknown about the sexual health and sexual lives of the majority of people with disabilities, globally. Moreover, what has been done in certain contexts has tended to focus predominantly on vulnerabilities rather than emancipatory practices. Thus, urgent action is needed within LMICs on issues related to disability and sexuality to meet the goal of global optimal sexual health.

Type: Article
Title: The sexual lives of people with disabilities within low-and middle-income countries: a scoping study of studies published in English
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1337342
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2017.1337342
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The moral rights of the named author(s) have been asserted.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Disability, sexuality, LMICs, sexual health, human rights, SOUTH-AFRICA, HEALTH-CARE, HIV, PERSPECTIVE, KNOWLEDGE, ACCESS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1570748
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