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Combined EEG-fMRI and ESI improves localisation of paediatric focal epilepsy

Centeno, M; Tierney, TM; Perani, S; Shamshiri, EA; StPier, K; Wilkinson, C; Konn, D; ... Carmichael, DW; + view all (2017) Combined EEG-fMRI and ESI improves localisation of paediatric focal epilepsy. Annals of Neurology , 82 (2) pp. 278-287. 10.1002/ana.25003. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Surgical treatment in epilepsy is effective if the epileptogenic zone (EZ) can be correctly localized and characterized. Here we use simultaneous Electroencephalography-functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) data to derive EEG-fMRI and Electrical Source Imaging (ESI) maps. Their yield and their individual and combined ability to 1) localize the epileptogenic zone and 2) predict seizure outcome was then evaluated. METHODS: Fifty-three children with drug-resistant epilepsy underwent EEG-fMRI. Interictal discharges were mapped using both EEG-fMRI haemodynamic responses and Electrical Source Imaging (ESI). A single localization was derived from each individual test (EEG-fMRI global maxima (GM)/ESI maxima) and from the combination of both maps (EEG-fMRI/ESI spatial intersection). To determine the localisation accuracy and its predictive performance the individual and combined test localisations were compared to the presumed EZ and to the postsurgical outcome. RESULTS: Fifty-two/53 patients had significant maps; 47/53 for EEG-fMRI; 44/53 for ESI; 34/53 had both. The epileptogenic zone was well characterised in 29 patients; 26 had an EEG-fMRI GM localisation which was correct in 11; 22 patients had ESI localisation which was correct in 17; 12 patients had combined EEG-fMRI and ESI which was correct in 11. Seizure outcome following resection was correctly predicted by EEG-fMRI GM in 8/20 patients, by the ESI maxima in 13/16. The combined EEG-fMRI/ESI region entirely predicted outcome in 9/9 patients including 3 with no lesion visible on MRI. INTERPRETATION: EEG-fMRI combined with ESI provides a simple unbiased localisation that may predict surgery better than each individual test including in MRI-negative patients.

Type: Article
Title: Combined EEG-fMRI and ESI improves localisation of paediatric focal epilepsy
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/ana.25003
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.25003
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1567639
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