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A randomised, open-label, phase 2 study of the IDO1 inhibitor epacadostat (INCB024360) versus tamoxifen as therapy for biochemically recurrent (CA-125 relapse)-only epithelial ovarian cancer, primary peritoneal carcinoma, or fallopian tube cancer

Kristeleit, R; Davidenko, I; Shirinkin, V; El-Khouly, F; Bondarenko, I; Goodheart, MJ; Gorbunova, V; ... Schilder, RJ; + view all (2017) A randomised, open-label, phase 2 study of the IDO1 inhibitor epacadostat (INCB024360) versus tamoxifen as therapy for biochemically recurrent (CA-125 relapse)-only epithelial ovarian cancer, primary peritoneal carcinoma, or fallopian tube cancer. Gynecologic Oncology , 146 (3) pp. 484-490. 10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.07.005. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) is a key regulator of immune tolerance in ovarian cancer. This study investigated efficacy and safety of the IDO1 enzyme inhibitor epacadostat versus tamoxifen in patients with biochemical-only recurrence (CA-125 elevation) following complete remission after first-line chemotherapy for advanced epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer. Methods In this open-label, phase 2 study (NCT01685255), patients were randomised 1:1 to epacadostat 600 mg or tamoxifen 20 mg twice daily for successive 28-day cycles and stratified by time since completion of first-line chemotherapy to first CA-125 elevation (3 to < 12 or ≥ 12 months). The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS; RECIST v1.1). Secondary endpoints included CA-125 response (Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup criteria), overall survival, safety, and tolerability. Results The study was terminated primarily due to slow accrual and lack of evidence of superiority. Median PFS was 3.75 months for epacadostat (n = 22) versus 5.56 months for tamoxifen (n = 20; HR, 1.34 [95% CI, 0.58–3.14]; P = 0.54). Of evaluable patients, 1 (5.0%) epacadostat and 3 (15.8%) tamoxifen patients had confirmed CA-125 responses. The most common treatment-emergent adverse event was fatigue (epacadostat, 36.4%; tamoxifen, 40.0%). Immune-related adverse events, observed with epacadostat only, were primarily rash (18.2%) and pruritus (9.1%). Epacadostat pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics were consistent with its known mechanism of action. IDO1 expression was observed in 94% of archival tumour samples. Conclusions This first report of immunotherapy evaluation in biochemical-only relapse ovarian cancer and of IDO1 inhibitor monotherapy in ovarian cancer found no significant difference in efficacy between epacadostat and tamoxifen. Epacadostat was generally well tolerated.

Type: Article
Title: A randomised, open-label, phase 2 study of the IDO1 inhibitor epacadostat (INCB024360) versus tamoxifen as therapy for biochemically recurrent (CA-125 relapse)-only epithelial ovarian cancer, primary peritoneal carcinoma, or fallopian tube cancer
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.07.005
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.07.005
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Oncology, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Epacadostat, Ovarian cancer, Tamoxifen, Ca-125, IDO1 enzyme inhibitor, INDOLEAMINE 2,3-DIOXYGENASE, T-CELLS, PROGNOSIS, SURVIVAL, IMMUNOTHERAPY, CHEMOTHERAPY, EXPRESSION, DIAGNOSIS, IMMUNITY, PROTEIN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1564663
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