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Predictions of backbone dynamics in Intrinsically disordered proteins using de novo fragment-based protein structure predictions

Kosciolek, T; Buchan, DWA; Jones, DTJ; (2017) Predictions of backbone dynamics in Intrinsically disordered proteins using de novo fragment-based protein structure predictions. Scientific Reports , 6 , Article 6999. 10.1038/s41598-017-07156-1. Green open access

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Abstract

Intrinsically disordaered proteins (IDPs) are a prevalent phenomenon with over 30% of human proteins estimated to have long disordered regions. Computational methods are widely used to study IDPs, however, nearly all treat disorder in a binary fashion, not accounting for the structural heterogeneity present in disordered regions. Here, we present a new de novo method, FRAGFOLD-IDP, which addresses this problem. Using 200 protein structural ensembles derived from NMR, we show that FRAGFOLD-IDP achieves superior results compared to methods which can predict related data (NMR order parameter, or crystallographic B-factor). FRAGFOLD-IDP produces very good predictions for 33.5% of cases and helps to get a better insight into the dynamics of the disordered ensembles. The results also show it is not necessary to predict the correct fold of the protein to reliably predict per-residue fluctuations. It implies that disorder is a local property and it does not depend on the fold. Our results are orthogonal to DynaMine, the only other method significantly better than the naïve prediction. We therefore combine these two using a neural network. FRAGFOLD-IDP enables better insight into backbone dynamics in IDPs and opens exciting possibilities for the design of disordered ensembles, disorder-to-order transitions, or design for protein dynamics.

Type: Article
Title: Predictions of backbone dynamics in Intrinsically disordered proteins using de novo fragment-based protein structure predictions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-07156-1
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07156-1
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Cre- ative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not per- mitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1563563
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