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Defining and valuing the R&D delivered by the arts, culture, humanities and social sciences for the creative economy

Lomas, EJ; (2017) Defining and valuing the R&D delivered by the arts, culture, humanities and social sciences for the creative economy. Presented at: London Conference in Critical Thought, London.

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Abstract

This paper addresses the inequities between the ways in which the Research & Development (R&D) delivered by the arts and sciences are understood and valued by policy makers globally. It considers the public understanding of value, reviewing the success of the rhetoric of the value of science (Reid, 2014) and the gaps in the rhetoric of the arts which deliver economic, cultural and social values (Crossick, 2016). Official definitions of R&D used by governments worldwide either do not recognise the R&D delivered by the arts, humanities and social sciences or explicitly exclude this work. As such these knowledge domains do not qualify for targeted R&D government support, such as tax reliefs. Current systems prioritise science as the ‘engine’ of economic delivery. Drawing on AHRC funded research, this paper explores definitions and understanding of R&D. It takes the R&D definition used globally by governments, the Frascati Manual (OECD, 2015) definition, discussing how the Frascati Manual’s definition can be applied to the arts, humanities and social sciences but where and why it needs to be amended. It makes the case for greater understanding and acceptance of the economic delivery from across these knowledge domains. These domains provide the underpinning for the creative industries which in a UK context account for 5% of GDP. The paper proposes a new unified R&D definition for all knowledge domains which has been tested and evolved with key stakeholders. It advocates for new public policy to better deliver R&D value and understanding.   Crossick, G. and Kaszynska, P. (2015) Understanding the value of arts and culture: the AHRC Cultural Value Project. AHRC. OECD (2015) Frascati Manual: proposed standard practice for surveys on research and experimental development. Paris: OECD, 7th edn. Reid, G. (2014), “Why should the taxpayer fund science and research?”. UCL Public Policy.

Type: Conference item (Presentation)
Title: Defining and valuing the R&D delivered by the arts, culture, humanities and social sciences for the creative economy
Event: London Conference in Critical Thought
Location: London
Dates: 30 June 2017 - 01 July 2017
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1561670
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