UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Loops D, E and G in the Drosophila Dα1 subunit contribute to high neonicotinoid sensitivity of Dα1-chicken β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

Ihara, M; Hikida, M; Matsushita, H; Yamanaka, K; Kishimoto, Y; Kubo, K; Watanabe, S; ... Matsuda, K; + view all (2017) Loops D, E and G in the Drosophila Dα1 subunit contribute to high neonicotinoid sensitivity of Dα1-chicken β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. British Journal of Pharmacology 10.1111/bph.13914. (In press).

[img] Text
Ihara et al_BJP_2017_Final version.docx - ["content_typename_Accepted version" not defined]
Access restricted to UCL open access staff until 17 January 2018.

Download (175kB)
[img] Text
Iharaetal_BJPFigures_Final.pdf - ["content_typename_Accepted version" not defined]
Access restricted to UCL open access staff until 17 January 2018.

Download (5MB)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neonicotinoid insecticides interact with the orthosteric site formed at subunit interfaces of insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (insect nACh receptors). However, their interactions with the orthosteric sites at α-non α and α-α subunit interfaces remain poorly understood. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of neonicotinoid actions using the Drosophila Dα1-chicken β2 hybrid nACh receptor. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Computer models of the (Dα1)3 (β2)2 nACh receptor in complex with imidacloprid and thiacloprid were generated. Amino acids in the Dα1 subunit were mutated to corresponding amino acids in the human α4 subunit to examine their effects on the agonist actions of neonicotinoids on (Dα1)3 (β2)2 and (Dα1)2 (β2)3 nACh receptors expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes using voltage-clamp electrophysiology. KEY RESULTS: The (Dα1)3 (β2)2 nACh receptor models indicated that amino acids in loop D, E and G are likely to determine neonicotinoid actions. The amino acid mutations tested scarcely influenced the EC50 of ACh. However, the R57S mutation in loop G, although having minimal effect on imidacloprid actions, reduced the affinity of thiacloprid for the (Dα1)3 (β2)2 nACh receptor, while scarcely affecting thiacloprid action on the (Dα1)2 (β2)3 nACh receptor. Both the K140T and R57S;K140T mutations reduced neonicotinoid efficacy but only for the (Dα1)3 (β2)2 nACh receptor. Combining the E78K mutation with the R57S;K140T double mutations resulted in a selective reduction of thiacloprid affinity for the (Dα1)3 (β2)2 nACh receptor. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These findings suggest that a triangle of loop D, E and G residues contribute to the selective neonicotinoid actions on insect-vertebrate hybrid nACh receptors.

Type: Article
Title: Loops D, E and G in the Drosophila Dα1 subunit contribute to high neonicotinoid sensitivity of Dα1-chicken β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/bph.13914
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/bph.13914
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
?? G3Q ??
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1561323
Downloads since deposit
2Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item