UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Metacognitive ability correlates with hippocampal and prefrontal microstructure

Allen, M; Glen, JC; Mullensiefen, D; Schwarzkopf, DS; Fardo, F; Frank, D; Callaghan, MF; (2017) Metacognitive ability correlates with hippocampal and prefrontal microstructure. NEUROIMAGE , 149 pp. 415-423. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.02.008. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
1-s2.0-S105381191730112X-main.pdf - ["content_typename_Published version" not defined]

Download (659kB) | Preview

Abstract

The ability to introspectively evaluate our experiences to form accurate metacognitive beliefs, or insight, is an essential component of decision-making. Previous research suggests individuals vary substantially in their level of insight, and that this variation is related to brain volume and function, particularly in the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC). However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these effects are unclear, as qualitative, macroscopic measures such as brain volume can be related to a variety of microstructural features. Here we leverage a high-resolution (800 µm isotropic) multi-parameter mapping technique in 48 healthy individuals to delineate quantitative markers of in vivo histological features underlying metacognitive ability. Specifically, we examined how neuroimaging markers of local grey matter myelination and iron content relate to insight as measured by a signal-theoretic model of subjective confidence. Our results revealed a pattern of microstructural correlates of perceptual metacognition in the aPFC, precuneus, hippocampus, and visual cortices. In particular, we extend previous volumetric findings to show that right aPFC myeloarchitecture positively relates to metacognitive insight. In contrast, decreased myelination in the left hippocampus correlated with better metacognitive insight. These results highlight the ability of quantitative neuroimaging to reveal novel brain-behaviour correlates and may motivate future research on their environmental and developmental underpinnings.

Type: Article
Title: Metacognitive ability correlates with hippocampal and prefrontal microstructure
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.02.008
Publisher version: http:.//dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.02.00...
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Neurosciences, Neuroimaging, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging, Neurosciences & Neurology, Metacognition, Quantitative MRI, Hippocampus, Iron, Myelination, Microstructure, INTRINSIC FUNCTIONAL CONNECTIVITY, HUMAN CEREBRAL-CORTEX, VARYING FLIP ANGLES, HUMAN BRAIN, IN-VIVO, MAGNETIZATION-TRANSFER, QUANTITATIVE MRI, MULTIPLE-SCLEROSIS, MYELIN CONTENT, SPOILED FLASH
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1559194
Downloads since deposit
70Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item