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Alcohol Consumption and Common Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: The USE-IMT Study

Britton, AR; Grobbee, DE; den Ruijter, HM; Anderson, TJ; Desvarieux, M; Engström, G; Evans, GW; ... Bots, ML; + view all (2017) Alcohol Consumption and Common Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: The USE-IMT Study. Alcohol Alcoholism , 52 (4) pp. 483-486. 10.1093/alcalc/agx028. Green open access

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Abstract

AIMS: Epidemiological evidence indicates a protective effect of light to moderate alcohol consumption compared to non-drinking and heavy drinking. Although several mechanisms have been suggested, the effect of alcohol on atherosclerotic changes in vessel walls is unclear. Therefore, we explored the relationship between alcohol consumption and common carotid intima media thickness, a marker of early atherosclerosis in the general population. METHODS: Individual participant data from eight cohorts, involving 37,494 individuals from the USE-IMT collaboration were used. Multilevel age and sex adjusted linear regression models were applied to estimate mean differences in common carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) with alcohol consumption. RESULTS: The mean age was 57.9 years (SD 8.6) and the mean CIMT was 0.75 mm (SD 0.177). About, 40.5% reported no alcohol consumed, and among those who drank, mean consumption was 13.3 g per day (SD 16.4). Those consuming no alcohol or a very small amount (<5 g per day) had significantly lower common CIMT values than those consuming >10 g per day, after adjusting for a range of confounding factors. CONCLUSION: In this large CIMT consortium, we did not find evidence to support a protective effect of alcohol on CIMT.

Type: Article
Title: Alcohol Consumption and Common Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: The USE-IMT Study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx028
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agx028
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author 2017. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. 483 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1559070
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