Rutault, K; Alderman, C; Chain, BM; Katz, DR; (1999) Reactive oxygen species activate human peripheral blood dendritic cells. FREE RADICAL BIO MED , 26 (1-2) 232 - 238.
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This study investigates the effects of hydrogen peroxide, a potent oxygen free radical donor, on the phenotype and function of dendritic cells differentiated from peripheral blood precursors. We report that hydrogen peroxide induces an up-regulation of several dendritic cell surface markers involved in interaction with T cells, including MHC Class II molecules (DQ and DR) and the co-stimulatory molecules CD40 and CD86. Moreover we have observed that H2O2-treated dendritic cells are more efficient in promoting T cell proliferation than normal dendritic cells and that this enhancement can be blocked using the free radical scavenger agent N-acetylcysteine. Oxygen free radicals are a common by-product of inflammation, and our results suggest they may play an important role in activation of sentinel dendritic cells, linking tissue damage to the initiation of an adaptive immune response. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Inc.
|Title:||Reactive oxygen species activate human peripheral blood dendritic cells|
|Keywords:||dendritic cell activation, reactive oxygen species, hydrogen peroxide, stress, free radical, NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA, COSTIMULATORY MOLECULES, MONOCYTES, LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE, CYTOKINES, PATHWAY|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Infection and Immunity (Division of) > Research Department of Immunology|
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