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Association between smoking and alcohol-related behaviours: A time-series analysis of population trends in England

Beard, E; West, R; Michie, S; Brown, J; (2017) Association between smoking and alcohol-related behaviours: A time-series analysis of population trends in England. Addiction 10.1111/add.13887. Green open access

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Abstract

AIMS: This paper estimates how far monthly changes in prevalence of cigarette smoking, motivation to quit and attempts to stop smoking have been associated with changes in prevalence of high-risk drinking, and motivation and attempts to reduce alcohol consumption in England. DESIGN: Data were used from the Alcohol and Smoking Toolkit Studies between April 2014 and June 2016. These involve monthly household face-to-face surveys of representative samples of ~1700 adults in England. MEASUREMENTS: ARIMAX modelling was used to assess the association over time between monthly prevalence of a) smoking and high-risk drinking; b) high motivation to quit smoking and high motivation to reduce alcohol consumption; and c) attempts to quit smoking and attempts to reduce alcohol consumption. FINDINGS: Mean smoking prevalence over the study period was 18.6% and high-risk drinking prevalence was 13.0%. A decrease of 1% of the series mean smoking prevalence was associated with a reduction of 0.19% of the mean prevalence of high-risk drinking (95%CI 0.03 to 0.34, p = 0.017. A statistically significant association was not found between prevalence of high motivation to quit smoking and high motivation to reduce alcohol consumption (β 0.324 95%CI -0.371 to 1.019, p = 0.360) or prevalence of attempts to quit smoking and attempts to reduce alcohol consumption (β -0.026 95%CI -1.348 to 1.296, p = 0.969). CONCLUSION: Between 2014 and 2016, monthly changes in prevalence of smoking in England were positively associated with prevalence of high-risk drinking. There was no significant association between motivation to stop and motivation to reduce alcohol consumption, or attempts to quit smoking and attempts to reduce alcohol consumption.

Type: Article
Title: Association between smoking and alcohol-related behaviours: A time-series analysis of population trends in England
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/add.13887
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.13887
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Addiction published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society for the Study of Addiction. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Alcohol; ARIMAX; ATS; smoking; STS; time series
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1557374
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