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Social Reward Questionnaire-Adolescent Version and its association with callous-unemotional traits

Foulkes, L; Neumann, CS; Roberts, R; McCrory, E; Viding, E; (2017) Social Reward Questionnaire-Adolescent Version and its association with callous-unemotional traits. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE , 4 (160991) 10.1098/rsos.160991. Green open access

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Abstract

During adolescence, social interactions are a potent source of reward. However, no measure of social reward value exists for this age group. In this study, we adapted the adult Social Reward Questionnaire, which we had previously developed and validated, for use with adolescents. Participants aged 11–16 (n = 568; 50% male) completed the Social Reward Questionnaire—Adolescent Version (SRQ-A), alongside measures of personality traits—five-factor model (FFM) and callous–unemotional (CU) traits—for construct validity purposes. A confirmatory factor analysis of the SRQ-A supported a five-factor structure (Comparative Fit Index = 0.90; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.07), equating to five questionnaire subscales: enjoyment of Admiration, Negative Social Potency, Passivity, Prosocial Interactions and Sociability. Associations with FFM and CU traits were in line with what is seen for adult samples, providing support for the meaning of SRQ-A subscales in adolescents. In particular, adolescents with high levels of CU traits showed an ‘inverted’ pattern of social reward, in which being cruel is enjoyable and being kind is not. Gender invariance was also assessed and was partially supported. The SRQ-A is a valid, reliable measure of individual differences in social reward in adolescents.

Type: Article
Title: Social Reward Questionnaire-Adolescent Version and its association with callous-unemotional traits
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160991
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160991
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics, adolescence, social reward, prosocial, antisocial, callous-unemotional traits, scale development, PROCESS SCREENING DEVICE, PERSONALITY-TRAITS, CONDUCT PROBLEMS, LATE CHILDHOOD, FIT INDEXES, CHILDREN, RELIABILITY, BEHAVIOR, ISSUES, BRAIN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1557070
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