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Early onset familial Alzheimer's disease - Mutation frequency in 31 families

Janssen, JC; Beck, JA; Campbell, TA; Dickinson, A; Fox, NC; Harvey, RJ; Houlden, H; ... Collinge, J; + view all (2003) Early onset familial Alzheimer's disease - Mutation frequency in 31 families. NEUROLOGY , 60 (2) 235 - 239.

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Abstract

Background: Three causative genes have been identified for autosomal dominant AD. Objective: To determine the proportion of patients with early onset AD with a positive family history accounted for by mutations in these genes. Methods: A mutational analysis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), presenilin 1 (PSEN1), and presenilin 2 (PSEN2) genes was performed in 31 probands with probable or definite AD from UK families with an age at onset (AAO) <61 years. Results: The mean AAO was 46.9 years (median 45 years; range 33 to 60 years). The majority of patients (M of 31; 74%) fulfilled recognized criteria for autosomal dominant inheritance. In 17 (55%) probands the authors identified eight novel PSEN1 sequence variants and eight recognized pathogenic mutations. In 4 (13%) probands the authors identified one novel APP sequence variant (H677R) and two recognized mutations. Thus in this series 21 of 31 (68%) probands were associated with a sequence variant in APP or PSEN1. Nine of the 11 (82%) probands with neuropathologically confirmed AD who additionally fulfilled recognized criteria for autosomal dominant inheritance were associated with a sequence variant in APP or PSEN1. The 10 patients in whom the authors were unable to identify a mutation in APP, PSEN1, or PSEN2 were older than the probands with sequence variants (55.4 vs 44.7 years: p = 0.001). Conclusions: Sequence variants in APP and PSEN1 accounted for the majority of neuropathologically confirmed autosomal dominant early onset AD; no mutations in PSEN2 were detected. There may be a further genetic factor involved in the etiology of autosomal dominant early onset AD.

Type: Article
Title: Early onset familial Alzheimer's disease - Mutation frequency in 31 families
Keywords: PRECURSOR PROTEIN GENE, MISSENSE MUTATIONS, PRESENILIN-1 GENE, CEREBRAL-HEMORRHAGE, APOLIPOPROTEIN-E, APP MUTATIONS, TASK-FORCE, PREVALENCE, DIAGNOSIS, DEMENTIA
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Institute of Prion Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Institute of Prion Diseases > MRC Prion Unit at UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/155511
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