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Parental sex selection and gender balance

Bhaskar, V.; (2008) Parental sex selection and gender balance. (CEPR Discussion Papers DP6876). Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR): London, UK.

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Abstract

We consider a society where parents prefer boys to girls, but also value grandchildren. Parental sex selection results in a biased sex ratio that is socially inefficient, due to a congestion externality in the marriage market. Improvements in selection techniques aggravate the inefficiency. These results are robust to allowing prices in the marriage market, if the market is subject to frictions. We extend the model to consider gender preferences which depend upon family composition, allowing us to examine the possible sex ratio effects of China's one-child policy, and the implications of choice in societies where family balancing considerations are paramount.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: Parental sex selection and gender balance
Publisher version: http://www.cepr.org/pubs/dps/DP6876.asp.asp
Language: English
Keywords: JEL classification: J12, J13, J16. Congestion externality, gender bias, marriage market, sex ratio, sex selection
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Economics
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/15508
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