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Early Iron Age metal circulation in the Arabian Peninsula: the oasis of Tayma as part of a dynamic network

Renzi, M; Intilia, A; Hausleiter, A; Rehren, T; (2016) Early Iron Age metal circulation in the Arabian Peninsula: the oasis of Tayma as part of a dynamic network. In: Starkey, J and Elmaz, O, (eds.) Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies. (pp. pp. 237-246). Archaeopress Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

The oasis of TaymāΜ, located in north-western Arabia, between the Дijāz mountains and the great Nafūd desert, was strategically situated on one of the branches of the main trade routes that connected southern Arabia and the Mediterranean Sea during the first millennium BC. During archaeological excavations at this site — a project carried out by a Saudi Arabian-German team — an architectural complex of public character dated to the Early Iron Age (eleventh–ninth centuries BC) was investigated in Area O, in the southwestern section of the ancient settlement. Among other finds, a significant concentration of luxury goods (i.e. objects made of ivory, wood, bone, and faïence) was discovered there, together with a few iron and several copper-based artefacts. Of this assemblage, fifty-eight copper-based objects have been analysed by portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF), while sixteen have undergone trace element and lead isotope analyses. The objects chosen to be analysed included everyday items, such as rivets and fragments of rods, three small metal lumps, and a bracelet. The data on their elemental composition and lead isotope signatures combined to indicate that different metal sources were used, suggesting the existence of a highly dynamic metal trade in the wider region during the Early Iron Age.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Early Iron Age metal circulation in the Arabian Peninsula: the oasis of Tayma as part of a dynamic network
Location: London, ENGLAND
ISBN-13: 9781784913649
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.archaeopress.com/Public/displayProductD...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Arts & Humanities, Archaeology, Asian Studies, Tayma, archaeometallurgy, copper, bronze, Early Iron Age, LEAD-ISOTOPE, COPPER
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > VP International
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > VP International > UCL - Qatar
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1549702
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