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France, England and the Politics of the Salonica Campaign (1915-18)

Dutton, DJ; (1975) France, England and the Politics of the Salonica Campaign (1915-18). Doctoral thesis , University of London. Green open access

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Abstract

France, England and the Politics of the Salonica Campaign 1915-18 is an attempt to trace and explain the workings of the Anglo-French Entente in wartime. The study has a built-in bias towards the French side of the campaign, since it is the author's belief that the expedition is explicable only in terms of French internal politics and France's wartime aspirations. The policies and actions of England were essentially responses to what happened in Paris. If the study appears somewhat one-sided, therefore, this is because the campaign itself was one-sided. With such uneven cooperation between the allies, it is not surprising that the Salonica Expedition emerges as one of the least fruitful exercises in the allied direction of the war. The study makes use of extensive collections of hitherto largely unexamined ministerial archives in England and France, together with a number of private collections. The latter, and particularly some previously untapped French sources including the Painlevé, Jules Cambon and Léon Bourgeois papers, have proved profitable and have served to confirm the author’s impression that individuals played an enormous part in shaping the development of the campaign. The thesis therefore contains detailed analyses of the motivations and driving forces behind the leading protagonists of the story - Sarrail, Joffre, Briand and Painlevé. Besides providing a detailed exposé of the campaign itself, the thesis advances our knowledge of several more general aspects of the Great War. In particular the politics of France in the period between the summer of 1915 and the autumn of 1917 are carefully surveyed and analysed. Then new light is thrown upon the nature of French war aims and the way in which these differed from those of England. To this extent the artificiality of the Entente Cordiale is emphasised.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: France, England and the Politics of the Salonica Campaign (1915-18)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by EThOS.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of History
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1546135
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