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Generating Steganographic Images via Adversarial Training

Hayes, J; Danezis, G; (2017) Generating Steganographic Images via Adversarial Training. In: Guyon, I and Luxburg, UV and Bengio, S and Wallach, H and Fergus, R and Vishwanathan, S and Garnett, R, (eds.) Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 30 (NIPS 2017). (pp. pp. 1951-1960). Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation: La Jolla, California, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Adversarial training was recently shown to be competitive against supervised learning methods on computer vision tasks, however, studies have mainly been confined to generative tasks such as image synthesis. In this paper, we apply adversarial training techniques to the discriminative task of learning a steganographic algorithm. Steganography is a collection of techniques for concealing information by embedding it within a non-secret medium, such as cover texts or images. We show that adversarial training can produce robust steganographic techniques: our unsupervised training scheme produces a steganographic algorithm that competes with state-of-the-art steganographic techniques, and produces a robust steganalyzer, which performs the discriminative task of deciding if an image contains secret information. We define a game between three parties, Alice, Bob and Eve, in order to simultaneously train both a steganographic algorithm and a steganalyzer. Alice and Bob attempt to communicate a secret message contained within an image, while Eve eavesdrops on their conversation and attempts to determine if secret information is embedded within the image. We represent Alice, Bob and Eve by neural networks, and validate our scheme on two independent image datasets, showing our novel method of studying steganographic problems is surprisingly competitive against established steganographic techniques.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Generating Steganographic Images via Adversarial Training
Event: NIPS 2017: Neural Information Processing Systems 2017, 4-9 December 2017, Long Beach, California, USA
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://papers.nips.cc/book/advances-in-neural-inf...
Language: English
Additional information: This is the published version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1544711
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