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Somatosensory effects of action inhibition: a study with the stop-signal paradigm

Walsh, E; Haggard, P; (2010) Somatosensory effects of action inhibition: a study with the stop-signal paradigm. EXP BRAIN RES , 204 (3) 465 - 473. 10.1007/s00221-010-2181-y.

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Abstract

When a weak shock is delivered to the finger immediately before a voluntary movement, or during a delay interval where subjects are prepared to make the movement, shock detection rates worsen progressively as the movement approaches. Further, we previously showed that shock detection improves again if a NoGo signal produces inhibition of a prepared response. Here, we used a somatosensory version of the stop-signal paradigm to investigate inhibitory processing during the 'horserace' period when motor excitation and inhibition processes may be simultaneously active. When subjects made a rapid keypress response to a go-signal, shock detection deteriorated in a time-dependent manner, replicating sensory suppression. However, when go-signals were followed by adaptively delayed stop-signals so that subjects could not inhibit the prepared movement, and made errors of commission, we found a paradoxical brief increase in shock detection performance just after the stop-signal, as if in a NoGo trial. During this brief window, the somatosensory system showed a pattern consistent with motor inhibition, even though the motor system itself was too far advanced in movement execution for action to be inhibited. Most models of stop-signal processing propose a two-horse race between excitation and inhibition, with a winner-takes-all solution. We show that there may be distinct motor and somatosensory races. Moreover, inhibitory processes may lead in the somatosensory race, at least briefly, even when excitatory processes win the motor race.

Type:Article
Title:Somatosensory effects of action inhibition: a study with the stop-signal paradigm
DOI:10.1007/s00221-010-2181-y
Keywords:Action reprogramming, Motor control, Sensory suppression, Voluntary movement, COUNTERMANDING SACCADES, RESPONSE-INHIBITION, MOTOR CONTROL, RACE MODEL, MOVEMENT, SUPPLEMENTARY, HUMANS, SUPPRESSION, STRATEGIES, CORTEX
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences

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