UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Ischemic preconditioning protects by activating prosurvival kinases at reperfusion

Hausenloy, DJ; Tsang, A; Mocanu, MM; Yellon, DM; (2005) Ischemic preconditioning protects by activating prosurvival kinases at reperfusion. AM J PHYSIOL-HEART C , 288 (2) H971 - H976. 10.1152/ajpheart.00374.2004.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Pharmacological activation of the prosurvival kinases Akt and ERK-1/2 at reperfusion, after a period of lethal ischemia, protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects the heart by phosphorylating the prosurvival kinases Akt and ERK-1/2 at reperfusion. In isolated perfused Sprague-Dawley rat hearts subjected to 35 min of lethal ischemia, the phosphorylation states of Akt, ERK-1/2, and p70 S6 kinase (p70S6K) were determined after 15 min of reperfusion, and infarct size was measured after 120 min of reperfusion. IPC induced a biphasic response in Akt and ERK-1/2 phosphorylation during the preconditioning and reperfusion phases after the period of lethal ischemia. IPC induced a fourfold increase in Akt, ERK-1/2, and p70S6K phosphorylation at reperfusion and reduced the infarct risk-to-volume ratio (56.9 +/- 5.7 and 20.9 +/- 3.6% for control and IPC, respectively, P < 0.01). Inhibiting the IPC-induced phosphorylation of Akt, ERK-1/2, and p70S6K at reperfusion with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY-294002 or the MEK-1/2 inhibitor PD-98059 abrogated IPC-induced protection (46.3 +/- 5.8, 49.2 +/- 4.0, and 20.9 +/- 3.6% for IPC + LY-294002, IPC + PD-98059, and IPC, respectively, P < 0.01), demonstrating that the phosphorylation of these kinases at reperfusion is required for IPC-induced protection. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the reperfusion phase following sustained ischemia plays an essential role in mediating IPC-induced protection. Specifically, we demonstrate that IPC protects the heart by phosphorylating the prosurvival kinases Akt and ERK-1/2 at reperfusion.

Type: Article
Title: Ischemic preconditioning protects by activating prosurvival kinases at reperfusion
DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00374.2004
Keywords: mitogen-activated protein kinases, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt, myocardial infarction, reperfusion injury, MITOCHONDRIAL PERMEABILITY TRANSITION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, RADICALS, INJURY, HEARTS, PORE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Hatter Cardiovascular Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/154401
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item