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Influence of age and gender on mental health literacy of anxiety disorders

Hadjimina, E; Furnham, A; (2017) Influence of age and gender on mental health literacy of anxiety disorders. Psychiatry Research , 251 pp. 8-13. 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.089. Green open access

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Abstract

This study explored the influence of age and gender on Mental Health Literacy (MHL) of various anxiety disorders. The aim was to determine whether the gender and age of participants and gender of the disorders character had a significant effect on their ability to recognise a range of anxiety disorders. A convenience sample of 162 individuals (aged 18–70yrs) completed one of two questionnaires, which differed only on the gender of the vignette's character. Participants had to label the “problems” of individual in six vignettes and state their opinion on how well adjusted the characters were in terms of happiness and work and personal relationships. ‘Correct’ labelling (using the official/technical term) of the different disorders varied from 3% to 29% of all participants. Gender differences of participants had a significant effect on literacy where females demonstrated higher MHL than males and the youngest group (18–29yrs) showed better MHL than older groups. There was a non-significant effect of vignette gender on recognition rates. The research points to the evidence that MHL remains relatively low for all anxiety disorders.

Type: Article
Title: Influence of age and gender on mental health literacy of anxiety disorders
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.089
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.089
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1542851
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