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Selective oxidative degradation of azo dyes by hydrogen peroxide catalysed by manganese(II) ions

Bennett, J; Miah, YA; Varsani, DS; Salvadori, E; Sheriff, TS; (2016) Selective oxidative degradation of azo dyes by hydrogen peroxide catalysed by manganese(II) ions. RSC Advances , 6 (105) pp. 103372-103381. 10.1039/c6ra23067a. Green open access

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Abstract

Manganese(II) ions catalyse the oxidative degradation of Calmagite (H3CAL) dye in aqueous solution at 20 ± 1 °C in the pH range 7.5–9.0 using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as oxidant by a mechanism that involves strong complexation to the MnII centre. It is proposed that [MnIII(CAL)(O2H)]− i.e. a dye coordinated hydroperoxyl (O2H−) MnIII complex is formed and bleaching of the dye is initiated by an electron-transfer to MnIII, with the binding of H2O2 being the rate determining step. At pH 9.0 in (bi)carbonate, HCO3−, H3CAL is rapidly bleached via the in situ formation of coordinated peroxycarbonate (HCO4−); a TOF (TOF = moles of dye bleached per mole of manganese per hour) of ∼5000 h−1 can be achieved. The bleaching of the related azo dyes Orange II and Orange G is different because, unlike Calmagite, they lack an o,o-dihydroxy motif so are unable to complex strongly to MnII and no oxidation to MnIII occurs. At pH 8.0 (phosphate buffer) Orange II and Orange G are not bleached but bleaching can be achieved at pH 9.0 (HCO3− buffer); the rate determining step is dye coordination and it is proposed bleaching is achieved via an outer-sphere oxygen atom transfer. Mechanisms for dye bleaching at pH 8.0 and pH 9.0 are proposed using data from EPR, UV/VIS and ESI-MS. MnII/H2O2/HCO3− form a potent oxidising mixture that is capable of removing stubborn stains such as curcumin.

Type: Article
Title: Selective oxidative degradation of azo dyes by hydrogen peroxide catalysed by manganese(II) ions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/c6ra23067a
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6RA23067A
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1542749
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