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A family with erythrocytosis establishes a role for prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 in oxygen homeostasis

Percy, MJ; Zhao, Q; Flores, A; Harrison, C; Lappin, TRJ; Maxwell, PH; ... Lee, FS; + view all (2006) A family with erythrocytosis establishes a role for prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 in oxygen homeostasis. P NATL ACAD SCI USA , 103 (3) 654 - 659. 10.1073/pnas.0508423103.

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Abstract

The number of red blood cells is normally tightly regulated by a classic homeostatic mechanism based on oxygen sensing in the kidney. Decreased oxygen delivery resulting from anemia induces the production of erythropoietin, which increases red cell production and hence oxygen delivery. investigations of erythropoietin regulation identified the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). HIF is now recognized as being a key regulator of genes that function in a comprehensive range of processes besides erythropoiesis, including energy metabolism and angiogenesis. HIF itself is regulated through the a-subunit, which is hydroxylated in the presence of oxygen by a family of three prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins (PHDs)/HIF prolyl hydroxylases/egg-laying-defective nine enzymes. Hydroxylation allows capture by the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene product, ubiquitination, and destruction by the proteasome. Here we describe an inherited mutation in a mammalian PHD enzyme. We show that this mutation in PHD2 results in a marked decrease in enzyme activity and is associated with familial erythrocytosis, identifying a previously unrecognized cause of this condition. Our findings indicate that PHD2 is critical for normal regulation of HIF in humans.

Type:Article
Title:A family with erythrocytosis establishes a role for prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 in oxygen homeostasis
DOI:10.1073/pnas.0508423103
Keywords:EGLN1, hypoxia-inducible factor, epo, VHL, proteasome, HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR, TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN, HUMAN ERYTHROPOIETIN GENE, HIPPEL-LINDAU PROTEIN, TRANSCRIPTIONAL ACTIVITY, CONGENITAL POLYCYTHEMIA, ENHANCER ELEMENT, HIF-ALPHA, VHL, HIF-1-ALPHA
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)

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