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Parenting Behaviours and Children’s Development from Infancy to Early Childhood: Changes, Continuities, and Contributions

Gutman, L; Feinstein, L; (2007) Parenting Behaviours and Children’s Development from Infancy to Early Childhood: Changes, Continuities, and Contributions. (Centre for Research on the Wider Benefits of Learning Research Reports 22 ). Centre for Research on the Wider Benefits of Learning, Institute of Education, University of London: London, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

This study investigated how children and parenting behaviours change from infancy to early childhood, how parenting influences concurrent and future child development, and whether parenting itself is affected by and responsive to child development. We also investigated whether individual indicators of socioeconomic status moderate (i.e., strengthen or weaken) these associations. Our results showed that mothers with higher levels of education provided more interactive and engaged parenting. Parenting behaviours were also related to both concurrent and future child outcomes. However, different aspects of parenting behaviour had varying effects and, while some had more immediate impact, the positive effects of others only manifested themselves over a period of time. Some of the relationships were also moderated by socioeconomic factors. Maternal education had a particularly marked effect on the relationship between parenting behaviour and child development. In general, the effect of parenting was stronger (i.e., more positive) for children of mothers with low levels of education.

Type: Report
Title: Parenting Behaviours and Children’s Development from Infancy to Early Childhood: Changes, Continuities, and Contributions
ISBN-13: 978-0-9552810-2-0
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: parenting, development, infancy, early childhood, SES, ALSPAC
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1541619
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