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Predictors of Depression and Musculoskeletal Disorder Related Work Disability Among Young, Middle-Aged, and Aging Employees

Ervasti, J; Mattila-Holappa, P; Joensuu, M; Pentti, J; Lallukka, T; Kivimaki, M; Vahtera, J; (2017) Predictors of Depression and Musculoskeletal Disorder Related Work Disability Among Young, Middle-Aged, and Aging Employees. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 59 (1) pp. 114-119. 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000921. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the level and predictors of work disability in different age groups. METHODS: We followed young (18 to 34 years), middle-aged (35 to 50 years), and aging (>50 years) employees (n¼70,417) for 7 years (2005 to 2011) for all-cause and cause-specific work disability (sickness absence and disability pension). Using negative binomial regression, we obtained both relative risk estimates and absolute rates, that is, days of work disability per person-year. RESULTS: The greatest relative difference in all-cause, and specifically depression-related work disability, was between young women and young men, and between employees with low versus high levels of education. Aging employees with a low education and chronic somatic disease had the highest levels of musculoskeletal disorder related work disability. CONCLUSIONS: The predictors of work disability vary by age and diagnosis. These results help target age-specific measures for the prevention of permanent work disability.

Type: Article
Title: Predictors of Depression and Musculoskeletal Disorder Related Work Disability Among Young, Middle-Aged, and Aging Employees
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000921
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000921
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1536575
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