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What young English people do once they reach school-leaving age: A cross-cohort comparison for the last 30 years

Anders, JD; Dorsett, R; (2017) What young English people do once they reach school-leaving age: A cross-cohort comparison for the last 30 years. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies , 8 (1) pp. 75-103. 10.14301/llcs.v8i1.399. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper examines how young people's early transitions into the labour market have changed between cohorts born in 1958, 1970, 1980, and 1990. We use sequence analysis to characterise transition patterns and identify three distinct pathways in all cohorts. An 'Entering the Labour Market' group has declined significantly in size (from 91% in the earliest cohort, to 37% in the most recent), an ‘Accumulating Human Capital’ group has grown in its place (from 4% to 51%), but also a ‘Potentially Difficult Transition’ group has grown alongside this, reaching 12% in the most recent cohort. These trends appear to reflect behavioural rather than compositional changes. Females and those who are from a non-white ethnic background have gone from being more likely to be in the ‘Potentially Difficult Transition’ group, to being less likely. Coming from a low socio-economic status background has remained a strong predictor of having a transition of this type across all four cohorts. These early transitions are important, not least since we show they are highly predictive of longer-term outcomes.

Type: Article
Title: What young English people do once they reach school-leaving age: A cross-cohort comparison for the last 30 years
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.14301/llcs.v8i1.399
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v8i1.399
Language: English
Additional information: The contents of this journal will be available in an open access format 12 months after publication. Please refer to the journal website for further information on copyright policy.
Keywords: School to work transitions; Cross-cohort comparison; Sequence analysis
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1534625
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