UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The Development and Governance of Chinese Gated Communities: A Case Study of Wenzhou

Lu, T; (2016) The Development and Governance of Chinese Gated Communities: A Case Study of Wenzhou. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London).

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Gated communities have begun to emerge in urban China since the housing reform took place at the end of 1998. This research aims to explore the dynamics of the development and governance of gated communities and its implications in the context of post-reform China. Particular attention is paid to the effects of state intervention and growing market forces during current suburbanisation processes. It also intends to provide empirical evidence to enrich the theory of gated communities. The existing literature considers safety, private governance and aesthetic living as the core characteristics of gated communities from Western experiences. Based on this point of view, the research examines gated communities in urban China in relation to three questions: what are the dynamics for the development of gated communities in post-reform China? How and to what extent are gated communities privately governed? How and to what extent do gated communities impact residents’ place attachment? This research is carried out in the city of Wenzhou, which has the most active private economy and residential development in China. The analyses are based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods, including a large-scale questionnaire survey, interviews, and secondary data analysis. This research finds that in post-reform China, entrepreneurial local governments promote gated communities based on a land-centred accumulation, aiming at maximising local revenue gains and involving the private sector to finance suburban development. The examination on three cases of gated communities that developed under different planning purposes shows that gated communities in China emphasise the private provision of public goods and community services rather than self-governance. Furthermore, it identifies residents’ preferences for private governance and living experiences as consumption-oriented and intensively shaping the place attachment in gated communities. Subsequently, gated communities become consumers’ clubs, underlining the demand for private governance and services in post-reform China.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: The Development and Governance of Chinese Gated Communities: A Case Study of Wenzhou
Event: University College London
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Planning
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1532221
Downloads since deposit
1Download
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item