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Proletarian revolution and the crisis of modernity: German orthodox Marxism and French revolutionary syndicalism, 1889-1914

Cheng, K; (2017) Proletarian revolution and the crisis of modernity: German orthodox Marxism and French revolutionary syndicalism, 1889-1914. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This study develops a close-textual and comparative analysis of two influential doctrines of “proletarian revolution” that appeared during the Second International period (1889-1914): “German orthodox Marxism” and “French revolutionary syndicalism.” It considers the effect of the dramatic mass-organizational development of the European workers’ movement upon both doctrines – in particular, how this shaped the key concepts of “scientific socialism” and “direct action.” In this light, the first chapter of the study examines the relationship of both doctrines to “classical” Marxist and anarchist ideology. The main body of the study then outlines the historical development of both tendencies – their “formation” and “decomposition.” This analysis challenges prevailing historiographical interpretations of several significant revolutionary thinkers: on the Marxist side, Friedrich Engels, Karl Kautsky, and Rosa Luxemburg; on the syndicalist side, Fernand Pelloutier, Émile Pouget, and Georges Sorel. It also reframes the political history of two major pre-First World War institutions: the Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands and the Confédération générale du travail.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Proletarian revolution and the crisis of modernity: German orthodox Marxism and French revolutionary syndicalism, 1889-1914
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > CMII
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1532137
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