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Nutritional programming of lifespan by FOXO inhibition on sugar-rich diets

Dobson, AJ; Ezcurra, M; Flanagan, CE; Summerfield, AC; Piper, MDW; Gems, D; Alic, N; (2017) Nutritional programming of lifespan by FOXO inhibition on sugar-rich diets. Cell Reports , 18 (2) pp. 299-306. 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.029. Green open access

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Abstract

Consumption of unhealthy diets is exacerbating the burden of age-related ill health in aging populations. Such diets can program mammalian physiology to cause long-term, detrimental effects. Here, we show that, in Drosophila melanogaster, an unhealthy, high-sugar diet in early adulthood programs lifespan to curtail later-life survival despite subsequent dietary improvement. Excess dietary sugar promotes insulin-like signaling, inhibits dFOXO—the Drosophila homolog of forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors—and represses expression of dFOXO target genes encoding epigenetic regulators. Crucially, dfoxo is required both for transcriptional changes that mark the fly’s dietary history and for nutritional programming of lifespan by excess dietary sugar, and this mechanism is conserved in Caenorhabditis elegans. Our study implicates FOXO factors, the evolutionarily conserved determinants of animal longevity, in the mechanisms of nutritional programming of animal lifespan.

Type: Article
Title: Nutritional programming of lifespan by FOXO inhibition on sugar-rich diets
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.029
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.029
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: aging; forkhead box O; nutritional programming of lifespan; Drosophila; diet; transcriptional regulation
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1531932
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