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Attachment and temperament in the early life course: a meta-analytic review

Groh, AM; Narayan, AJ; Bakermans-Kranenburg, MJ; Roisman, GI; Vaughn, BE; Fearon, RMP; van IJzendoorn, MH; (2017) Attachment and temperament in the early life course: a meta-analytic review. Child Development , 88 (3) pp. 770-795. 10.1111/cdev.12677. Green open access

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Abstract

This meta-analytic review examines the association between early attachment (assessed at 1–5 years) and child temperament (assessed at birth–12 years), and compares the strength of this association with recently documented meta-analytic associations between early attachment and social competence, externalizing behavior, and internalizing symptoms. Based on 109 independent samples (N = 11,440) of diverse socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds, temperament was weakly associated with attachment (in)security (d = .14, CI [0.08, 0.19]) but modestly associated with resistant attachment (d = .30, CI [0.21, 0.40]). Temperament was not significantly associated with avoidant (d = .10, CI [−0.02, 0.19]) or disorganized (d = .11, CI [−0.03, 0.25]) attachment. Across developmental domains, early attachment security was more strongly associated with social competence and externalizing behaviors than internalizing symptoms and temperament.

Type: Article
Title: Attachment and temperament in the early life course: a meta-analytic review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12677
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12677
Language: English
Additional information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Groh, A. M., Narayan, A. J., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Roisman, G. I., Vaughn, B. E., Fearon, R. M. P. and van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2016), Attachment and Temperament in the Early Life Course: A Meta-Analytic Review. Child Dev. doi:10.1111/cdev.12677, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12677. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Attachment, temperament, meta-analysis, social competence, psychopathology
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1530040
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