UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Pilot phenotype and natural history study of hereditary neuropathies caused by mutations in the HSPB1 gene

Rossor, AM; Morrow, JM; Polke, JM; Murphy, SM; Houlden, H; INC-RDCRC, ; Laura, M; ... Reilly, MM; + view all (2016) Pilot phenotype and natural history study of hereditary neuropathies caused by mutations in the HSPB1 gene. Neuromuscular Disorders , 27 (1) pp. 50-56. 10.1016/j.nmd.2016.10.001. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
1-s2.0-S0960896616302528-main.pdf - ["content_typename_Published version" not defined]

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Mutations in HSPB1 are one of the commonest causes of distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy (dHMN). Transgenic mouse models of the disease have identified HDAC6 inhibitors as promising treatments for the condition paving the way for human trials. A detailed phenotype and natural history study of HSPB1 neuropathy is therefore required in order to inform the duration and outcome measures of any future trials. Clinical and neurophysiological data and lower limb muscle MRI were collected both prospectively and retrospectively from patients with mutations in HSPB1. The natural history was assessed by recording the weighted Charcot-Marie-Tooth Examination Score (CMTES) at annual intervals in a subset of patients. 20 patients from 14 families were recruited into the study. The average age of onset was in the 4th decade. Patients presented with a length dependent neuropathy but with early ankle plantar flexion weakness. Neurophysiology confirmed a motor neuropathy but also showed sensory nerve involvement in most patients. Cross sectional muscle MRI revealed soleus and medial gastrocnemius fat infiltration as an early signature of mutant HSPB1 disease. In this study neither semi quantitative muscle MRI, the CMTES nor neurophysiology were able to detect disease progression in HSPB1 neuropathy over 1 or 2 years. Further studies are therefore required to identify a suitable biomarker before clinical trials in HSPB1 neuropathy can be undertaken.

Type: Article
Title: Pilot phenotype and natural history study of hereditary neuropathies caused by mutations in the HSPB1 gene
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.nmd.2016.10.001
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmd.2016.10.001
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, Distal hereditary motor neuropathy, HSPB1, Neuromuscular disease, Peripheral neuropathy
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1529021
Downloads since deposit
58Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item