UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Increased prevalence of potential right-to-left shunting in children with sickle cell anaemia and stroke

Dowling, MM; Quinn, CT; Ramaciotti, C; Kanter, J; Osunkwo, I; Inusa, B; Iyer, R; ... PFAST Investigators, .; + view all (2017) Increased prevalence of potential right-to-left shunting in children with sickle cell anaemia and stroke. British Journal of Haematology , 176 (2) pp. 300-308. 10.1111/bjh.14391. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Dowling_Increased prevalence of potential right-to-left shunting in children with sickle cell anaemia and stroke.pdf - ["content_typename_Accepted version" not defined]

Download (324kB) | Preview

Abstract

'Paradoxical' embolization via intracardiac or intrapulmonary right-to-left shunts (RLS) is an established cause of stroke. Hypercoagulable states and increased right heart pressure, which both occur in sickle cell anaemia (SCA), predispose to paradoxical embolization. We hypothesized that children with SCA and overt stroke (SCA + stroke) have an increased prevalence of potential RLS. We performed contrasted transthoracic echocardiograms on 147 children (aged 2-19 years) with SCA + stroke) mean age 12·7 ± 4·8 years, 54·4% male) and a control group without SCA or stroke (n = 123; mean age 12·1 ± 4·9 years, 53·3% male). RLS was defined as any potential RLS detected by any method, including intrapulmonary shunting. Echocardiograms were masked and adjudicated centrally. The prevalence of potential RLS was significantly higher in the SCA+stroke group than controls (45·6% vs. 23·6%, P < 0·001). The odds ratio for potential RLS in the SCA + stroke group was 2·7 (95% confidence interval: 1·6-4·6) vs controls. In post hoc analyses, the SCA + stroke group had a higher prevalence of intrapulmonary (23·8% vs. 5·7%, P < 0·001) but not intracardiac shunting (21·8% vs. 18·7%, P = 0·533). SCA patients with potential RLS were more likely to report headache at stroke onset than those without. Intrapulmonary and intracardiac shunting may be an overlooked, independent and potentially modifiable risk factor for stroke in SCA.

Type: Article
Title: Increased prevalence of potential right-to-left shunting in children with sickle cell anaemia and stroke
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/bjh.14391
Publisher version: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14391
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: cardiology, clinical research, sickle cell anaemia, stroke
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1527094
Downloads since deposit
73Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item