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Effect of Itraconazole and Rifampin on the Pharmacokinetics of Olaparib in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors: Results of Two Phase I Open-label Studies

Dirix, L; Swaisland, H; Verheul, HMW; Rottey, S; Leunen, K; Jerusalem, G; Rolfo, C; ... Plummer, R; + view all (2016) Effect of Itraconazole and Rifampin on the Pharmacokinetics of Olaparib in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors: Results of Two Phase I Open-label Studies. Clinical Therapeutics , 38 (10) pp. 2286-2299. 10.1016/j.clinthera.2016.08.010. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: The metabolism of olaparib, a potent inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) with demonstrated efficacy in patients with BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer, is mediated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes (predominantly CYP3A4/5). We assessed the potential of a CYP3A4 inhibitor (itraconazole) and inducer (rifampin) to alter the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of olaparib following single oral tablet doses. / Methods: Two Phase I, open-label, non-randomized trials were conducted in patients with advanced solid tumors. In Study 7, patients received olaparib alone and co-administered with itraconazole; in Study 8, a separate group of patients received olaparib alone and co-administered with rifampin. No interaction between itraconazole and olaparib was concluded if two-sided 90% CIs for the treatment ratios of AUC and/or AUC0–t and Cmax fell within the bioequivalence range of 0.80–1.25. An interaction between rifampin and olaparib was concluded if the lower limit of the 90% CI for the treatment ratios was <0.5 (ie, >50% decrease in olaparib AUC or Cmax in the presence of rifampin compared with olaparib alone). / Findings: In Study 7 (N = 59; 17 male, 42 female), 56 and 53 patients were evaluable for PK analysis following treatment with olaparib alone and olaparib plus itraconazole, respectively; in Study 8 (N = 22; 4 male, 18 female), all patients were evaluable. Co-administration of olaparib with itraconazole resulted in a statistically significant increase in the relative bioavailability of olaparib: Cmax treatment ratio, 1.42 (90% CI, 1.33–1.52); mean AUC treatment ratio, 2.70 (90% CI, 2.44–2.97). Mean CL/F and Vz/F were reduced (8.16 vs 3.05 L/h and 192 vs 75.1 L), although mean t½ was unchanged (15.0 vs 15.6 hours). Co-administration of olaparib with rifampin resulted in a statistically significant decrease in the relative bioavailability of olaparib: Cmax treatment ratio, 0.29 (90% CI, 0.24–0.33); mean AUC treatment ratio, 0.13 (90% CI, 0.11–0.16). CL/F and Vz/F were increased when olaparib and rifampin were co-administered (6.36 vs 48.3 L/h and 112 vs 1076 L); however, mean t½ was unchanged (13.0 vs 15.8 hours). Safety data for olaparib following tablet dosing were consistent with the known safety profile. / Implications: Exposure to olaparib was significantly increased when co-administered with the potent CYP3A4 inhibitor itraconazole, and significantly decreased when co-administered with the potent CYP3A4 inducer rifampin, compared with olaparib alone. Potent CYP3A4 enzyme inhibitors and inducers should be avoided during olaparib treatment. / ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT01900028 (Study 7) and NCT01929603 (Study 8).

Type: Article
Title: Effect of Itraconazole and Rifampin on the Pharmacokinetics of Olaparib in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors: Results of Two Phase I Open-label Studies
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2016.08.010
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2016.08.010
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016. This manuscript version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: CYP3A4; itraconazole; olaparib; pharmacokinetic; rifampin
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1524707
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