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A hierarchical discriminant analysis for species identification in raw meat by visible and near infrared spectroscopy

Arnalds, T; McElhinney, J; Fearn, T; Downey, G; (2004) A hierarchical discriminant analysis for species identification in raw meat by visible and near infrared spectroscopy. J NEAR INFRARED SPEC , 12 (3) 183 - 188.

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Abstract

The problem tackled is that of discriminating between chicken, turkey, pork, beef and lamb using visible and near infrared spectra collected from homogenised meat samples. This five-group classification task was treated as a hierarchical sequence of binary splits: white versus red meat, then either poultry versus pork or beef versus lamb, and finally, in the case of poultry, chicken versus turkey. Most of the splits were achieved by linear discriminant analysis applied to principal component scores. The chicken versus turkey split worked better with soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA). One of the attractions of the hierarchical approach is that different methods can be used for different splits. The results, with only two classification errors on 115 validation samples, were better than those achieved in previous analyses of the same data.

Type:Article
Title:A hierarchical discriminant analysis for species identification in raw meat by visible and near infrared spectroscopy
Keywords:near infrared spectroscopy, authenticity, meat, chemometrics, discriminant analysis, principal component analysis, canonical variate, SIMCA, REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY, PREDICTION, BEEF
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Statistical Science

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