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Constructing and Implementing an Agent-Based Model of Residential Segregation through Vector GIS

Crooks, AT; (2008) Constructing and Implementing an Agent-Based Model of Residential Segregation through Vector GIS. (CASA Working Paper Series ). Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis: London. Green open access

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Abstract

In this paper, we present a geographically explicit agent-based model, loosely coupled with vector GIS, which explicitly captures and uses geometrical data and socio economic attributes in the simulation process. The ability to represent the urban environment as a series of points, line and polygons not only allows one to represent a range of different sized features such as houses or larger areas portrayed as the urban environment but is a move away from many agent-based models utilising GIS which are rooted in grid-based structures. We apply this model to the study of residential segregation, specifically creating a Schelling (1971, 1978) type of model within a hypothetical cityscape, thus demonstrating how this approach can be used for linking vector-based GIS and agent-based modelling. A selection of simulation experiments are presented, highlighting the inner workings of the model and how aggregate patterns of segregation can emerge from the mild tastes and preferences of individual agents interacting locally over time. Furthermore, the paper suggests how this model could be extended and demonstrates the importance of explicit geographical space in the modelling process.

Type:Working / discussion paper
Title:Constructing and Implementing an Agent-Based Model of Residential Segregation through Vector GIS
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis

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