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Self-image threat decreases stereotyping: The role of motivation toward closure.

Kossowska, M; Bukowski, M; Guinote, A; Dragon, P; Kruglanski, AW; (2016) Self-image threat decreases stereotyping: The role of motivation toward closure. Motiv Emot , 40 (6) pp. 830-841. 10.1007/s11031-016-9582-6. Green open access

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Abstract

Some prior research indicated that self-image threat may lead people to stereotyping and prejudiced evaluations of others. Other studies found that self-image threat may promote less stereotypical thinking and unprejudiced behavior. In a series of three studies, we demonstrate that self-image threat may lead to either more or less stereotypical perception of the outgroup depending on the level of the individuals` motivation toward closure (NFC). The results reveal that when individuals high (vs. low) in NFC perceived a member of an outgroup, they are less likely to use stereotypical traits if their self-image had been threatened by negative feedback (Study 1) or if they had imagined an example of their own immoral activity (Studies 2 and 3). Moreover, our results demonstrate that the fear of invalidity resulting from self-image threat induction is responsible for the foregoing effects (Study 3). These results are discussed in light of theories of motivational readiness and lay epistemics.

Type: Article
Title: Self-image threat decreases stereotyping: The role of motivation toward closure.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9582-6
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11031-016-9582-6
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2016. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com
Keywords: Fear of invalidity, Need for closure, Self-esteem, Self-image threat, Stereotypical perception
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1517483
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