UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Partner choice versus punishment in human Prisoner’s Dilemmas

Barclay, P; Raihani, N; (2016) Partner choice versus punishment in human Prisoner’s Dilemmas. Evolution and Human Behavior , 37 (4) pp. 263-271. 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2015.12.004. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Barclay_Partner choice versus punishment in human Prisoner’s DilemmasAAM.pdf

Download (286kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
Barclay_Partner choice versus punishment in human Prisoner’s DilemmasTABLEAAM.pdf

Download (84kB) | Preview

Abstract

Two factors that promote cooperation are partner choice and punishment of defectors, but which option do people actually prefer to use? Punishment is predicted to be more common when organisms cannot escape bad partners, whereas partner choice is useful when one can switch to a better partner. Here we use a modified iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma to examine people’s cooperation and punishment when partner choice was possible and when it was not. The results show that cooperation was higher when people could leave bad partners versus when they could not. When they could not switch partners, people preferred to actively punish defectors rather than withdraw. When they could switch, punishment and switching were equally preferred. Contrary to our predictions, punishment was higher when switching was possible, possibly because cooperators could then desert the defector they had just punished. Punishment did not increase defectors’ subsequent cooperation. Our results support the importance of partner choice in promoting human cooperation and in changing the prevalence of punishment.

Type: Article
Title: Partner choice versus punishment in human Prisoner’s Dilemmas
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2015.12.004
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2015.12.0...
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016. This manuscript version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Cooperation; Partner choice; Punishment; Partner control; Prisoner’s Dilemma
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1516127
Downloads since deposit
219Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item