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Cultural ecosystem services in protected areas: understanding bundles, trade-offs and synergies

Ament, JM; Moore, CA; Herbst, M; Cumming, GS; (2016) Cultural ecosystem services in protected areas: understanding bundles, trade-offs and synergies. Conservation Letters 10.1111/conl.12283. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

The concept of ecosystem services (ES) provides a potentially useful tool for decision-making in natural area management. Provisioning and regulating ES often occur in “bundles” that are cohesive because of coprovisioning or codependence. We asked whether individual preferences for cultural benefits also define service bundles. Data from a large survey of visitor preferences (n = 3,131 respondents) from all 19 South African National Parks indicated five bundles of cultural ecosystem services: (1) “natural history,” (2) “recreation,” (3) “sense of place,” (4) “safari experiences,” and (5) “outdoor lifestyle.” Trade-offs and synergies between bundles of services depended on the ecosystem providing them and on alignment between demand for services and the supply of particular service bundles in specific ecosystems. Our results show that identifying demand for multiple services can both help us to understand why people visit and value protected areas, and better inform the management choices that influence service provision.

Type: Article
Title: Cultural ecosystem services in protected areas: understanding bundles, trade-offs and synergies
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/conl.12283
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12283
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright and Photocopying: © 2016 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Cultural ecosystem services; protected areas; South Africa; bundles, trade-offs, synergies; social preferences
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1514505
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