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Between warm and cold: Impact of the Younger Dryas on human behavior in Central Europe

Weber, MJ; Grimm, SB; Baales, M; (2011) Between warm and cold: Impact of the Younger Dryas on human behavior in Central Europe. Quaternary International , 242 (2) pp. 277-301. 10.1016/j.quaint.2010.12.002.

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Abstract

Following a thorough review of high-resolution environmental archives, this paper aims at discriminating the factors determining the heterogeneous repercussion of the Lateglacial Younger Dryas in Central Europe. When examining the archaeological implications of human adaptation to the subsequent changes in the natural environment two divergent biotic regions are of special interest: the North European Plain and adjacent areas; and the Alpine foothills and surrounding mountain ranges. In these regions, two different archaeological technocomplexes (traditions) are found: the Tanged Point Complex and the Curve-Backed Point Groups. Considering the distribution of the archaeological sites witnessing changes in the material culture and subsistence pattern, the intensity of the environmental changes caused by the Younger Dryas is a decisive element. Settlement discontinuity during the Younger Dryas is questioned. Moreover, the potential existence of established social networks between the two regions expressed by comparable developments such as microlithization is considered. Finally, the authors assess whether the Younger Dryas acted as an accelerator or a brake in the process of regional diversification prior to the Early Mesolithic. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Type: Article
Title: Between warm and cold: Impact of the Younger Dryas on human behavior in Central Europe
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2010.12.002
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1513780
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