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Modeling the impact of computer aided detection and double reading of screening mammograms on breast cancer detection and mortality.

Taylor, P; Potts, HWW; (2009) Modeling the impact of computer aided detection and double reading of screening mammograms on breast cancer detection and mortality. In: (Proceedings) 30th Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making. (pp. E93 - E93).

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Abstract

Purpose A Markov model was used to assess the impact of two interventions often proposed as enhancements to breast cancer screening: computer aided detection and double reading of mammograms. Method Bibliographic databases were searched for evaluations of CAD and of double reading. A meta-analysis identified a range of values for the impact of both CAD and double reading on both the cancer detection rate and recall rate of screening. A Markov model was then constructed to examine the implications for the effectiveness of screening. Age-specific figures were taken from national data for: screening uptake, cancers detected at screening, non-screening detected cancer and other cause mortality. Audits were used to identify stage profiles for screen-detected and non-screen detected cancers. Different survival curves for the stages of cancer are calculated from published data. The model is used to assess the impact on various outcomes, including mortality, of changes in the screen detected rate by running the simulation and varying the figures for cancer detection based on the results of the meta-analysis described above. Results Eight studies were found comparing single reading to single reading with CAD and fifteen comparing single reading with double reading. Where double reading is performed with arbitration it shows a significant increase in detection rate (odds ratio: 1.08, 95% CI:1.02-1.15) and a significant decrease in recall rate (odds ratio:0.94, 95% CI:0.92-0.96). CAD studies do not show a significant increase in cancer detection rate (odds ratio: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.95-1.17) and show an increased recall rate (odds ratio: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.11-1.16). The simulation was run with data from UK screening, where double reading is standard practice. The simulation was repeated varying the cancer detection rate across a range of 4 cancers per 1000 women screened. Double reading results in fewer women being recalled and leads to more screen detected cancers than CAD. CAD and double reading both lead to a small but detectable difference in the total of breast cancer deaths. Conclusions The model shows a clear benefit from double reading with arbitration, with lowered recall rates, higher cancer detection rates and fewer deaths from cancer. CAD also shows improved cancer detection rates and fewer deaths, but the improvement is smaller and at the cost of an increased recall rate.

Type:Proceedings paper
Title:Modeling the impact of computer aided detection and double reading of screening mammograms on breast cancer detection and mortality.
Event:30th Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making
DOI:10.1177/0272989X0902900102012
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > CHIME

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