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Ethnicity, social deprivation and psychological distress in adolescents - School-based epidemiological study in east London

Stansfeld, SA; Haines, MM; Head, JA; Bhui, K; Viner, R; Taylor, SJC; Hillier, S; ... Booy, R; + view all (2004) Ethnicity, social deprivation and psychological distress in adolescents - School-based epidemiological study in east London. BRIT J PSYCHIAT , 185 233 - 238.

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Abstract

Background In adults the prevalence of psychological distress varies in different ethnic groups, and this has been explained by differences in socio-economic status. Is this also the case in adolescents?Aims To examine whether ethnic differences in prevalence of psychological distress in adolescents are associated with social deprivation.Method Across-sectional questionnaire survey was used to assess 2790 male and female pupils, aged 11-14 years, from a representative sample of 28 east London secondary schools.Results Rates of psychological distress were similar to rates in UK national samples in boys and girls. Bangladeshi pupils, although highly socially disadvantaged, had a lower risk of psychological distress (OR = 0.63, 95% CI 0.4-0.9). Non-UK White girls had higher rates of depressive symptoms (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.1-2.2).Conclusions High rates of depressive symptoms in non-UK White girls may be related to recent migration. Low rates of psychological distress in Bangladeshi pupils in this sample relative to White pupils, despite socio-economic disadvantage, could be associated with cultural protective factors that require further investigation.

Type: Article
Title: Ethnicity, social deprivation and psychological distress in adolescents - School-based epidemiological study in east London
Keywords: DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE, PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS, STRENGTHS, HEALTH, BANGLADESHI, DEPRESSION, CHILDREN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Pop, Policy and Practice Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/150978
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