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Short- and long-term (trophic) purinergic signalling

Burnstock, G; (2016) Short- and long-term (trophic) purinergic signalling. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , 371 (1700) , Article 20150422. 10.1098/rstb.2015.0422. Green open access

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Abstract

There is long-term (trophic) purinergic signalling involving cell proliferation, differentiation, motility and death in the development and regeneration of most systems of the body, in addition to fast purinergic signalling in neurotransmission, neuromodulation and secretion. It is not always easy to distinguish between short- and long-term signalling. For example, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can sometimes act as a short-term trigger for long-term trophic events that become evident days or even weeks after the original challenge. Examples of short-term purinergic signalling during sympathetic, parasympathetic and enteric neuromuscular transmission and in synaptic transmission in ganglia and in the central nervous system are described, as well as in neuromodulation and secretion. Long-term trophic signalling is described in the immune/defence system, stratified epithelia in visceral organs and skin, embryological development, bone formation and resorption and in cancer. It is likely that the increase in intracellular Ca(2+) in response to both P2X and P2Y purinoceptor activation participates in many short- and long-term physiological effects.This article is part of the themed issue 'Evolution brings Ca(2+) and ATP together to control life and death'.

Type: Article
Title: Short- and long-term (trophic) purinergic signalling
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0422
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0422
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Bone, cancer, neuromodulation, neurotransmission, secretion, vessels
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508897
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