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The promise and limits of private standards to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from shipping

Scott, J; Smith, TWP; Rehmatulla, N; Milligan, B; (2017) The promise and limits of private standards to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from shipping. Journal of Environmental Law 10.1093/jel/eqw033. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This article examines private standards that aim to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in shipping. These have emerged against a backdrop of regulatory inertia and the exclusion of international shipping from the Paris Climate Change Agreement. They are a product of complex governance arrangements and they have addressed areas of market failure that have held back fuel efficiency advances that are made possible by technological innovations. These private standards hold considerable promise but suffer to different degrees from certain weaknesses, notably a lack of transparency, a low level of ambition and concerns about data reliability. This article examines these deficiencies together with the reasons for them, and assesses the role that law could play in addressing them. It argues that the conditions may be present for the mitigation of shipping’s GHG emissions to become a site of ‘hybrid’ governance, combining private standards and state/supra-state law in a productive way.

Type: Article
Title: The promise and limits of private standards to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from shipping
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/jel/eqw033
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jel/eqw033
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences
UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Faculty of Laws
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508513
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